EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) - USA
NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) - EU
norma EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency)
1. Vehicle Technology & Fuel
Note that hybrid gasoline-electric vehicles that do not have plug-in capability are identified as gasoline vehicles since they only use gasoline.
2. Fuel Economy
City, Highway, and Combined MPG (miles per gallon) values.
For electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles operating on electricity, and compressed natural gas vehicles-- the labels display miles per gallon of gasoline-equivalent (MPGe).
3. Comparing Fuel Economy to Other Vehicles
This text indicates the category of the vehicle (e.g., Small SUV, Station Wagon, Pickup Truck, etc.) and the best and worst fuel economy within that category for the given model year. There are nine car categories.
For electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles operating on electricity, and compressed natural gas vehicles-- the labels display miles per gallon of gasoline-equivalent (MPGe). See the fuel economy description above for more details.
4. You Save/Spend More over 5 Years Compared to Average Vehicle
The label shows the estimated fuel cost over a five-year period for the vehicle compared to the average new vehicle.
These estimates are based on driving 15,000 miles per year, for five years, and the projected fuel price for the year, which changes annually, and is referenced in the fine print.
5. Fuel Consumption Rate
Kilowatt-hours is an energy unit for electricity. This value tells you how many kilowatt-hours the vehicle would use to travel 100 miles. Like gallons per 100 miles, this kilowatt-hours per 100 miles relates directly to the amount of electricity used, and thus to cost. This is an estimated rate of consumption; any given vehicle may or may not be actually capable of traveling 100 miles on a fully charged battery.
6. Estimated Annual Fuel Cost
The annual fuel cost is based on two assumptions: an annual mileage of 15,000 miles and a projected electricity price.
7. Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Rating
The label assigns each vehicle a rating from 1 (worst) to 10 (best).
8. CO2 Emissions Information
This text provides three key pieces of information:
Combined city/highway CO2 tailpipe emissions
The labeled vehicle’s CO2 tailpipe emissions are based on tested tailpipe CO2 emission rates. The rate of CO2 emissions is displayed in grams per mile.
9. Smog Rating
This is a rating for vehicle tailpipe emissions of those pollutants that cause smog and other local air pollution. This information, listed as “Smog” on the labels, is displayed using a slider bar with a scale of 1 (worst) to 10 (best).
10. Details in Fine Print
This part of the label has a reminder that your fuel economy and emissions may be different due to a number of factors, such as how you drive and maintain your vehicle, how much you use air conditioning and other accessories, the weather, road conditions, how much the vehicle is loaded, and other factors.
11. A QR Code®
When you are looking for a new vehicle at a dealership, you will be able to scan the QR Code® 1 (footnote) on the label using your smartphone, provided you have downloaded a scanner app. The QR Code® will link you to helpful tools and additional information about the vehicle.
The label directs you to a website where you can compare vehicles and enter personalized information (e.g., local gas prices and individual driving habits) to get the best possible cost and energy-use estimates.
13. Driving Range
When the vehicle is fully charged, this value represents the approximate number of miles that can be travelled in combined city and highway driving before the vehicle must be recharged.
14. Charge Time
This indicates how long it takes to charge a fully empty battery using 240 volt electrical service. For the purposes of equivalent comparisons, all vehicles with external charging capability will display a charge time based on use of 240 volt service, unless the vehicle is not capable of receiving the higher voltage. Some owners may choose to install 240 volt service (in their garage, for example) and others may choose to use a 120 volt standard household outlet. Use of lower voltage than that specified on the label will result in longer charging times. The vehicle manufacturer should be able to provide complete information on charging times and the capabilities of their vehicles.